Latest upcoming BMW-i8 in 2016 with special edition.
BMW introduced four variants of i8 in the Indian market in February 2015 And Here is the Latest upcoming BMW-i8 car in 2016 with carbon-fiber. This was the costliest offering from BMW in the country at a price of INR 2.29 Crore. The car is sold through exclusive BMW dealerships established in the cities of Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai.
The design of the BMW i8 coupe exemplar was based on the BMW i8 Concept. This concept comes in BMW vision efficient dynamics exbhited at BMW
The driver can also select several driving modes in BMW cars: SPORT, COMFORT and ECO PRO
Carbon-fiber– Reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites — also called carbon-fiber laminates — are the next-generation materials for making cars lighter, more fuel efficient and safer. Carbon laminate is extremely strong and resolved because of its woven layers of nearly pure carbon-fibers bonded together by a hardened plastic, such as epoxy resin.
Carbon-fibers– Reinforced composite plates, carbon-fibers laminates Pin It Carbon-fibers-reinforced composite plates, also called carbon-fibers laminates.
Because the fibers are entirely carbon(carbon-fibers), their density is only about 1.6 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cc) — comparable to the density of table sugar — resulting in carbon laminates with densities of around 1.3 to 1.5 g/cc.
The most commonly used polymer (epoxy resin) requires 24 to 50 hours to solidify after it’s infested into the carbon fiber, further increasing costs.In contrast, the density of steel is about 7.8 g/cc. Carbon-fibers are slightly stiffer than steel, but have one-fifth the weight. Carbon laminate density is so low, it even beats the lightest structural metal, magnesium, which has a density of 1.8 g/cc.
However, the attractive appearance of carbon laminate, along with the public’s attractiveness, with this wonder material, has led to many cosmetic applications as well. In fact, the cosmetic applications are quickly making their way into high-volume-production automobiles.
An example of a car with an all-carbon body is the McLaren 570S — the structural panels and body frame are made of carbon laminates. This $185,000 supercar has a 562 horsepower V8 engine with twin turbochargers, giving it a 0-to-60-mph acceleration of 3 seconds and a top speed of 204 mph (328 km/h). Because so much of the car is made from composites, it weighs only 3,150 lbs. (1,429 kilograms).
McLaren 570S with rear hoodPin It McLaren 570S with rear hood made of carbon fiber composite in transparent finish. It serves the dual purposes of style and light weight.
Manufacturing a car like the 570S with an totally composite structure is gigantic undertaking. Some of the most complex challenges are producing carbon laminates in complex shapes, enduring consistence perforation of the epoxy throughout the parts, taking into account the differing strength properties when the material is struck from different angles (strength is better in the direction of the fibers) and ensuring quality control.
The special-edition BMW i8 Protonic Red Edition model will be electric cars continue to move from the top tier of the market, such as the BMW i8, to a more accessible segment — such as the Tesla Model 3, BMW i3 and Volkswagen eGolf — they will continue to rely on carbon laminates. The Protonic Red Edition will be produced at BMW Plant Leipzig from July 2016. This special edition car sports a Protonic Red paint finish with accents in Frozen Grey metallic. The colour scheme is complemented by BMW W-spoke 470 light-alloy wheels painted in Orbit Grey metallic with hubs painted in Aluminium matt and mixed-size tires (front: 215/45 R20, rear: 245/40 R20). Inside the car features red double-stitching and applications in high-grade carbon fibre and ceramic trim.
The wide use as trim pieces underscores the popular desire to see advanced materials in even common cars. That car buyers associate carbon fiber with high performance and quality means the future for these materials in the automotive industry is promising.
At the 2016 New York International Auto Show later this month, we anticipate seeing a wider adoption of existing carbon laminate parts, such as rearview mirror casings, spoilers and rear diffusers. These parts are made by specialized carbon-laminate manufacturers that can now customize them for other models at a lower cost. A more widespread use of some of the large-scale parts, such as seat structures, may also emerge this year. Extensive use of carbon laminates in a vehicle from a relatively more affordable segment, the BMW i3 — which achieved sales of 11,024 units in 2015 — will provide performance results in routine rugged driving conditions and better estimates for repair costs. Data from such models will help push carbon laminates into more mainstream cars. As the emissions standards tighten, all cars will require the lightening made possible by advanced materials.
The new wave of electric cars will likely patronize the junction of the functional and elegant roles of composites, and continuous improvement in carbon-fiber laminate technology is accelerating these applications. Already, engine cover, trunk liners and rear air diffusers appear to be on their way towards wider adoption.
But perhaps most critically, the all-carbon-composite bodies of the i3 and i8 — and other production models — are providing data on the performance of hood and crash box designs in the event of a high-speed accident. So far, the outcome is excellent carbon composite performance under crash conditions.
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